Most of the rural families of socio-economically weaker sections of the society maintain different species of livestock to supplement their income. It is an insurance against crop failure and provides alternate source of livelihood to the farmers all year round. Goat is a multi functional animal and plays a significant role in the economy and nutrition of landless, small and marginal farmers in the country. Goats provide dependable source of income to 40% of the rural population who are below the poverty line. Goats can efficiently survive on available shrubs and trees in adverse harsh environment in low fertility lands where no other crops can be grown. In drought prone areas, risk of goat farming is very less as compared to other livestock species.
Goatery based women livelihood development program aims at promoting goatery based livelihood opportunities through adequate knowledge dissemination and developing market linkages for socio economic empowerment of poor and marginalized goat rearer women. Training and capacity building of landless and backward class women on goat rearing business helped them to minimise their risk and to maximize profit through introduction of scientific goat rearing practices. Along with this, veterinary services and vaccination camps for goats are also being organized to minimize mortality of goats. Introduction of concept of goat insurance has helped these women to shield themselves from sudden shocks.
A cadre of para-veterinary women (Pashu Sakhi) at village level has been developed to provide instant support and guidance to goat rearers in the villages. These Pashu Sakhis are well trained and can provide primary veterinary care to goats. Pashu Sakhis also act as information dissemination point at village level.
Goat resource centre
During implementation of Goatry based livelihood project, a need was felt to bring each component of small livestock enterprise at a one place to complete entire value chain as different expertise is available at different places and not in reach of poor small livestock farmers. Concept of Goat Resource Centre was envisaged to make available entire knowledge base of goatery based enterprise at a one place and to develop one-stop knowledge house for small livestock farmers, young entrepreneur, development organizations, and for large development programs to support in its design and successful execution. The goat resource center will develop thematic expertise and create a knowledge bank for larger level information sharing and dissemination.