Maharashtra frequently experiences drought conditions like some other parts of the country, which affects agricultural production and agro based economy. The drought situation has and will be a major cause for water shortage in Maharashtra. As drought conditions worsened, issues such as sustaining cattle and supplying drinking water have become critical in both rural and urban areas, especially in Western Maharashtra. Scarcity of water due to poor quality and less availability of ground water makes the region semi deserted. There are hardly any perennial streams or alternate irrigation sources in the region.
To increase ground water recharge and ensure water security through revival of existing water bodies to support small & marginal farmers of drought prone area of Sinnar Block, Yuva Mitra with support of TATA Trusts and other stakeholders started working on Jalsamruddhi Project in which the silt which has been deposited in dams and irrigation tanks over many years has excavated out. The excavated silt is then deposited by the farmers on their lands as it is highly fertile and good for crop cultivation. Water holding capacity of existing water bodies increased significantly. Making & strengthening of water user association for the maintenance and management of these water bodies handed over the water usage rights to the community. One of the key aspects of the project was cash and in kind contribution from community which helped community to take ownership of water resources for sustainable use of water.
In February 2016, when project was started it was aimed at reviving of 13 water bodies in 10 villages but after observing exemplary results in terms of water conservation, increased irrigation coverage and barren land development in the area, TATA Trusts and Govt. Of Maharashtra extended the project in March 2018 for next five years which would focus on reviving 66 water bodies covering 324 villages of 6 blocks in Nashik district.