Punjab is one of the most fertile regions of the country. Despite of this hastening agriculture development in state, today the situation is far away from the heyday of green revolution in late 1960’s. Today, small and marginal farmers in Punjab are in crisis as farming is unviable for them due to rise in the inputs cost, stagnant productivity, failing profitability and increasing the cost of living. Most of these families are either marginal farmers or agricultural workers who supplement their incomes by having secondary vocations like manual labor, truck cleaners etc. Agriculture is mostly rain-fed, with the farmers sticking to the two crops of wheat and maize in the Rabi and Kharif seasons respectively. The general economic condition of the farmers in this area is quite poor. They cannot use necessary agricultural inputs due to financial constraints which adversely affects the crop yield. Low yield is one of the main problems of the farmers of the catchment area due to low fertility of the soil. The organic content of the soil is also very low.
The project aims at enabling socio economic development of the small and marginal farmers in Kiratpur Area and to create a model for replicating & scaling up of Integrated Agricultural Development.
It also focuses on organizing farmers in suitable groups for knowledge as well as information sharing, enhancing productivity of Wheat, Rice and Maize by providing technical support, appropriate package of practices and introducing new cropping pattern. Promotion of vegetables, medicinal plants and exotic crops has been done to generate additional employment. Under this project, joint liability groups are formed and organized into Farmer Producers Company which provides technical & managerial knowhow to undertake Farmer development activities and providing assistance to them in input supply and output marketing.
The geographical coverage of these projects is 16 villages of Punjab (Kiratpur area) and Himachal Pradesh (Talli area).